The Ancient Egyptians(Africans) were descendants of the Nubians, who had themselves originated from farther south, into the heart of Africa at the great lakes region, the sources of the Nile River. Those ancient African people call their land Kemet, where they soon developed a well ordered Society based on the concept of cosmic etics and spiritual consciousness (Maat philosophy) The Ancient Egyptians (Africans) live for thousands of years in the northeastern corner of the African continent in the area known is Nile Valley.
The Nile River was a source of dependable enrichment for the land and allowed them to prosper for a very long time without the harsh struggles experienced by people in other geographic locations such as the desert regions of Asia Minor, and the temperate zones of East Asia and Western Asia (Europe). Their prosperity was so great that they created art, culture religion, philosophy and a civilization which surpassed everything that had come before, and has not been duplicated ever since, like the pyramids.
The Ancient Kemetians (Egyptians) based their government and business concerns on spiritual values and therefore, enjoyed an orderly society which included equality between the sexes, and a legal system based on universal spiritual laws (Maat Philosophy). The Egyptian Mystery System is a tribute to their history, culture and legacy.
As historical insights unfold, it becomes clearer that modern culture has derived itsbasis from Ancient Egypt, though the credit is not often given, nor the integrity of the practices maintained in the new religions. This is another important reason to study and research Ancient kemet Philosophy, to discover the principles, which allowed their civilization to prosper over a period of thousands of years in order to bring our systems of government, religion, social and structures to a harmony to ourselves, to her humanity and with nature.
The flow of the Nile brought annual floods to the Nile Valley and this provided irrigation and new soil and nutrients every year that allowed for regular crops when worked on time. This regularity and balance of nature inspired the population to adopt a culture of order and duty based on cosmic order: Maat (Ma’at)
This idea extends to the understanding of Divine justice and reciprocity. So if work is performed on time and in cooperation with nature, there will be order, balance and peace as well as prosperity in life (for the individual, family, and community)
Kemet (Egypt) is located in the north-eastern corner of the continent of Africa. It is composed of towns along the banks of the Hapi (Nile River). In the north there is the Nile Delta region where the river contacts the Mediterranean Sea.
This part is referred to as the North or Lower Egypt, “lower,” because that is the lowest elevation and the river flows from south to north. The middle of the country is referred to as Middle Kemet.
The south is referred to as Upper Egypt because it is the higher elevation and the river flows from there to the north. The south is the older region of the dynastic civilization and the middle and north are later.
The history of Egypt begins in the far reaches of time. It includes The Dynastic Period, when it was populated and controlled by its original African inhabitance, and later by those Asiatic peoples that conquered it, including the Greeks (The Hellenistic Period), Romans (The Roman Period) and The Christian Byzantine Rule (30 B.C.E.-638 A.C.E.), the Caliphate and the Mamalukes (642-1517 A.C.E.), Ottoman Domination (1082-1882 A.C.E.),British colonialism (1882-1952 A.C.E.), as well as modern, Arab-Islamic Egypt (1952- present).
Ancient Egypt or Kemet, was a civilization that flourished in Northeast Africa along the Nile River from before 5,500 B
until 30 B.C.E. In 30 B
C.E., Octavian, who was later known as the Roman Emperor Augustus, put the last Egyptian King, Ptolemy XIV, a Greek ruler, to death. After this Egypt was formally annexed to Rome.
In the late 20th century evidence was uncovered that proved Ancient Egyptian civilization existed at least as far back as 7,000 B.C.E. to 10,000 B.C.E. mainstream Egyptologists normallydivide Ancient Egyptian history into the following approximate periods: The Early Dynastic Period (3,200-2,575 B.C.E.); The Old Kingdom or Old Empire (2,575-2,134 B
C.E.); The First Intermediate Period (2,134-2,040B.C.E.); The Middle Kingdom or Middle Empire (2,040-1,640 B.C.E.); The Second Intermediate Period (1,640l ,532 B.C.E.); The New Kingdom or New Empire (1,532-1,070 B.C.E.); The third Intermediate Period (1,070 712 B.C.E.); The Late Period (712-332 B.C.E.)
In the Late Period the following groups controlled Kemet. The Nubian Dynasty (712-657 B.C.E.); The Persian Dynasty (525-404 B.C.E.); The Native Revolt and re-establishment of Egyptian rule by Egyptians (404-343C. E.); The Second Persian Period (343-332 B.C.E.: The Ptolemaic or Greek Period (332 B.C. E.- c. 30 B.C.E.
The Ancient Egyptian Ankh
is composed of two hieroglyphic symbols. The top of the ankh hieroglyph symbol is called Shen and it means eternity. It is composed of a rope that has been formed into a circle and knotted at the bottom. The other glyph is a vertical line which is a determinative glyph that means object, as in the objects that exist in time and space. So this combination of eternity, which is derived from the Spirit, and the objects of time and space, which are finite, ephemeral and limited, produces a “life process”
which we know as mortal existence on earth.